OAS and CPP
When you retire, government plans will replace a portion of your income from employment. Your personal savings and your supplemental pension plan are good complements to these plans.
The Canada Pension Plan
Canadians 60 years of age or older, except those residing in the province of Quebec, are entitled to the Canada Pension Plan if they have contributed at least once to the plan. They will receive an amount equivalent to a percentage of the income they earned before retirement out of which they paid contributions.
For residents of Quebec, the Québec Pension Plan replaces the Canada Pension Plan.
Old Age Security
If you are 65 years of age or older, a Canadian citizen or a resident and if you have lived in Canada for at least 10 years after the age of 18, you are probably entitled to Old Age Security. The pension amount is the same for everyone but is reduced for high-income individuals or couples.
Certain persons may also qualify for the Guaranteed Income Supplement, the Allowance or the Allowance for the Survivor—federal government benefits for low-income persons.